While there are revisionist historians who awkwardly perform intellectual somersaults and contortions to construct fictional narratives about our nation’s history, insisting that its foundations are wholly secular, the plain fact is that the United States of America was—without question, debate, or doubt—established as a “nation under God.”
A clear sense of Biblical ethics infused every aspect of American Colonial life and the Founders would have never imagined it possible to establish and maintain a successful Republic that does not keep its eyes fixed on God and its moral framework grounded in the Scriptures.
In fact, it was of such importance to our Founding Fathers to acknowledge God — the Author and Creator of all things — and His Divine Providence that allowed this country to come into existence, that even our very first president, George Washington, “at the request of Congress,” issued the following:
Issued by President George Washington, at the request of Congress, on October 3, 1789
By the President of the United States of America, a Proclamation.
Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; and—Whereas both Houses of Congress have, by their joint committee, requested me “to recommend to the people of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many and signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness:”
Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the 26th day of November next, to be devoted by the people of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being who is the beneficent author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be; that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind care and protection of the people of this country previous to their becoming a nation; for the signal and manifold mercies and the favor, able interpositions of His providence in the course and conclusion of the late war; for the great degree of tranquillity, union, and plenty which we have since enjoyed; for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national one now lately instituted; for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and, in general, for all the great and various favors which He has been pleased to confer upon us.
And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations, and beseech Him to pardon our national and other trangressions; to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually; to render our National Government a blessing to all the people by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed; to protect and guide all sovereigns and nations (especially such as have shown kindness to us), and to bless them with good governments, peace, and concord; to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science among them and us; and, generally, to grant unto all mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.
Given under my hand at the City of New York the third day of October in the year of our Lord 1789.
For a brief history of the Reformed Theologians who first began this day of Thanksgiving in America and who, in fact, helped shape our Constitutional Republic, please enjoy this thorough article by Mark David Hall at The Federalist.
Originally published November 20, 2015. Updated November 26, 2020.